Why this Ancient Romanian Language is So Unique?
Updated: Sep 27
The Romance Languages included Romanian, as well as French, Spanish, and Italian. Romania, unlike the other three countries, is situated in Eastern Europe, surrounded by Slavic-speaking nations. As a result, many people mistake this Romance language for Slavic, yet it's so much more.
What is a Romance Language?
A Romance Language is defined as a "collection of related languages all evolved from Vulgar Latin within historical times and comprising a subgroup of the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family," according to Brittanica. The family's principal languages are French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian, all of which are national languages.”
Although Romanian has Slavic roots, they only account for roughly 10 percent of the whole vocabulary. Turkish, German, and Bulgarian are all incorporated into the language. As a result, it is the most unusual romantic language.
The Roots of Romanian Language
What is today Romania was known as Dacia 1700 years ago. The Romans invaded and conquered this country in the second century. At this time, Roman culture will supplant Dacian culture as the country's main language and civilization, transforming all that had previously been Dacian.
Dacians would start speaking "Vulgar Latin," which was the common Roman language at the time. Bordered by Hungarians, Turks, and Bulgarians and influenced by them, the kingdom would adopt the Roman Latin language and merge it with all the others.
Who Speaks Romanian?
Anyone familiar with other Romance languages should be able to comprehend the fundamentals of Romanian, both spoken and written. Many of their vocabulary – or their roots – are quite similar to those found in Italian, French, and Spanish.
But, just when you thought the Romanian language was straightforward, you're introduced to all the distinct dialects.
The Latin and Balkan languages were blended to form one of the Romance dialects when the Romans conquered the Romanian territory south of the Danube river 1700 years ago, which is now the boundary between Romania and Bulgaria. Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian are dialects spoken in Serbia, Kosovo, Bulgaria, Croatia, Albania, and Greece.
You can understand Romanian if you’ve studied other Romance languages
You can understand Romanian if you know some Italian, Spanish, or French. Several basic terms are nearly identical to their Western European counterparts: bine is nearly identical to the French and Spanish bien or the Italian bene; bun is nearly identical to bon, bueno; cu plăcere is nearly identical to con piacere and with pleasure; and pardon is a genuine French word.
Romanian is a phonetic language
Romanian is quite simple to read and pronounce after you've learned the terminology. Because it is a phonetic language, every word is spoken exactly as it is written.
There are 5 special letters in Romanian
The use of unique letters known as "diacritics" makes Romanian a little more challenging for foreigners. These are: ă, which sounds like the second ‘a' in the word magical; ș, which sounds like ‘sh'; and ţ, which sounds like ‘ts'.
The final two characters, â and î, are the trickiest to say. The â might sound like a short schwa when you hear a local pronounce Romania's name. In terms of the î, the last syllable of the word "roses" has a similar sound.
A Romance language with interesting grammar
You could have trouble with the grammar when studying Romanian. This is due to the impact of Macedonian, Bulgarian, Albanian, and Serbian languages, as well as the fact that it developed independently of the other Romance languages.
Despite this, Romanian has retained the Latin morphological case differentiation: nominative, genitive, and vocative, unlike other Latin languages.
There are four dialects of Romanian spoken in the Balkanic countries
A blend of Latin and Balkan languages formed as Romanian dialects as a result of the Roman occupation south of the Danube river (today's boundary between Romania and Bulgaria). Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian are three dialects of Romanian spoken in Serbia, Albania, Greece, Kosovo, Bulgaria, and Croatia.
You actually know how to speak it
Dragostea din tei is a well-known Romanian song. If you listen to it, you'll notice that you know every word of every song, even if you have no understanding what they mean.
The song, performed by the Moldovan band O-Zone, has become a cultural phenomenon, with many individuals learning the language as a result.